GMAT考试看到这种选项 别因为读不顺就立马排除!

原标题:GMAT考试看到这种选项 别因为读不顺就立马排除!

在GMAT句子改题的选项中,有时候会出现一种“嵌入式从句”。这种选项句子读起来非常不顺,很多同学也不太熟悉这种结构现象,所以经常立马把它排除。

信任自己的语感一定程度上有帮助,可是看明白句子才是更可靠的判断标准。如果你在做题的时候把自己不认识作为排除的理由,而不是认识到这个表达并不恰当,那我不得不suo,you have a long way to go!

今天,何老师就带大家来认识一下嵌入式从句。

嵌入式从句如何形成

嵌入式从句的现象首先发生在定语从句里,比如:

The candidates often makes statements that are not true.

但是如果定语从句同时又充当了一个主谓结构的宾语从句,也就是:

They think that statements are not true.

那么此时,就会出现这种嵌入式从句的现象:

The candidates often makes statements that they think are not true.

↓↓↓

The candidates often makes statements that they don’t think are true.

有的学生看到这两个谓语立马懵了,表示完全不能接受,但是不接受也得接受,英语没见过的形式多的很。面对这样的结构,我们要记住:

1)这个主谓要放在定语从句关系词that和谓语之间

2)做题的时候直接把主谓部分当成插入语删除看会更清楚

题目练习

我们来看看OG中的一道题:

The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels, will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the environment in ways harmful to their habitats.

A a phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels,

B a phenomenon most scientists agree that is caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings,

C a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings" burning of fossil fuels,

D which most scientists agree on as a phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,

E which most scientists agree to be a phenomenon caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings,

题目解析

本体首先先排除DE定语从句,这里没有agree sth to be/as这样的搭配;而且定语从句VS同位语一定选择后者。

接下来,ABC的同位语后面接定语从句,定语从句中要嵌入most scientist agree这部分,所以它要放在that后面 答案应该是C选项:

a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings" burning of fossil fuels,

类似的题目还有:

The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the world"s smallest network digital camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld computer, and it weighs less than 11 ounces.

A to be the world"s smallest network digital camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld computer, and it weighs

B to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld computer, weighing

C is the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld computer, and it weighs

D is the world"s smallest network digital camcorder, which is as long as a handheld computer and weighs

E is the world"s smallest network digital camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld computer, weighing

题目解析

本题答案D选项表达的是:

The electronics has unveiled what it claims is the world"s smallest network digital camcorder…….

有的学生会说 我为什么不能说what it claims to be the ……因为claim并没有claim xxx to be 这样的搭配。首先问题是你得知道CDE的现象是存在的正确的形式,所以绝对不能说没见过这种形式直接排除。

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希望同学们通过这篇文章,能够了解到嵌入式从句这种现象,下一次做题的时候,可不要一看到它就排除出局啦。

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